On Rehacktoring

Posted in programming on May 6th, 2014 by Samuel Kenyon

For at a least a year now, I’ve been using the term “rehacktor,” a portmanteau of “refactor” and “hack.” Although I came up with it on my own, I was not surprised that googling it resulted in many hits. Perhaps we are witnessing the convergent evolution of an urgently needed word.

My definition was at first a tongue-in-check descriptor in VCS commits for refactoring tasks that I was not pleased about. However, upon reflection, I think the term and the situation which leads to its necessity is important.

But first, how are others using this term?

Other Definitions

One “intertubeloper” (a term I just coined) tweeting as WizOne Solutions has tried to establish this unsatisfactory definition:

Rehacktoring (n.) – The act of reaching a level of hackedness so great that the resultant code is elegant and sophisticated.

Something a bit more sensible is the concept of rehacktoring as refactoring without tests (for instance a Twitter search of “rehacktoring” will get some results along those lines).

My one minute research bout also found a recent blog post by Katrina Owen which contains the string “Refactoring is Not Rehacktoring.” Her article paradoxically offers a meaning by not defining “rehacktoring.” She explains via some strategies how one way to refactor is to change in baby steps. Each step results in code that still passes the tests. Each intermediate step may be ugly and redundant, but the tests will still pass—if they don’t you revert and retry.

I’ve been using this baby-step refactoring strategy for a long time, having come up with it on my own. But as I read Owen’s post I realized that if one does not follow through with the full refactoring, one might end up with a ridiculous state of the code which is not necessarily any better than its pre-refactoring state. In that sense, “rehacktoring” can be a retroactive term to describe an abandoned refactoring.

Owen meant for “rehacktoring” to mean unsafe code changes (I think). Both that meaning and abandoned refactoring should be valid variations.


Aside from those notions, I propose another valid meaning: any refactoring effort which is a mini death march. In other words, the refactoring has a high chance of failure due to schedule, resources, etc. I would guess a common trigger of rehacktoring are managers demanding refactoring of crappy code that is critical to a deployed application.

But refactoring is not the only answer. There are other options, regardless of what John Manager or Joe Principal claims. Some very legitimate alternatives include, but are not limited to:

  • Don’t refactor. Spend time on other/new functionality.
  • Rewrite the class/module/application from scratch.
  • Stretch the refactoring out to a longer time frame, so that everyone involved is still spending most of their effort on new functionality that users care about.

The proposal to rewrite a module or application from scratch will scare those of weaker constitution. But it does work in many circumstances. Keep in mind that the first crack at doing something new might be the necessary learning phase to do it right the second time. A manager, or your own mind, might convince you that refactoring is quicker and/or lower risk than redoing it. But that is not always the case, especially if you are more motivated to make something new than tinker with something old. And I have seen the rewrite approach work in the wild with two different programmers, in which an intern writes working version 1, and then someone else (even another intern) writes version 2.

Rehacktoring may be the wrong thing to do. It is especially the wrong thing to do if it causes psychological depression in the programmer. After all, who wants to waste their life changing already-working code from bad to semi-bad? Based on observations (albeit not very scientific), I suspect that programmers are particularly ill-suited to refactoring code that they did not originally write. They have no emotional connection to that code. And that makes the alternate solutions listed above all the more appealing for the “soft” aspect of a software team.

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